Facts will be involved in the decision, but there can be subjective thinking as well: “Taking into account A, B and C, the committee suggested solution X.
The reader needs to have a clear understanding of the situation for which a solution is sought.
You can explicitly state the problem posed in the study.
In lieu of the current budget situation, the committee felt this was the most prudent approach” Briefly present the key elements used to derive the solution. Was it to slow down, reduce or eliminate the problem?
If the case study is for a recent situation, there may not have been enough time to determine the overall effect of the solution: “New infection standards were adopted in the first quarter and the center hopes to have enough information by the year’s end to judge their effectiveness” If the solution has been in place for some time, then an opportunity to gather and review facts and impressions exists.