The Big Bang Essay

Although to some, who confuse their religious ideas with science, this is seen as a reasonable interpretation of their religious beliefs, to others the beginning of space and time might represent a significant problem.

According to prevailing theory, before that instant, space and time did not exist.

The oldest and perhaps best known problem of Big Bang Theory is that of the singularity.

Some of that evidence is briefly reviewed in this paper.

Key words: singularity, smooth universe, flat universe, average density, age, black body radiation, neutrinos, chronology, light elements, red shift, curved space, quasars, inflation, decelerating expansion. However, as will be discussed further on, observational evidence has all but ruled out the possibility of the collapsing Big Bang universe case, thus adding to the incredibility of zero net energy; and certainly it would seem that the positive energy of the potential, kinetic and the enormous mass equivalent energy of the of the universe must be far greater than the negative energy of its gravity.

(Note: Numbers in brackets refer to references at the end of this document.) 1. For any Big Bang universe case the postulated zero net energy idea appears to be unrealistic. Service is excellent and forms various forms of communication all help with customer service. This writer provides the highest quality of work possible.These are purely speculative ideas that have no known means of experimental verification. One of the older problems of Big Bang Theory, that of its postulated large-scale smoothness of the universe, appears to be the result of what was originally a simplifying assumption (5-8) that was made to aid in the solution of Einstein's equations of general relativity on which the Big Bang is based. That radiation is believed by adherents of Big Bang Theory to have come directly from a smooth Big Bang. However, it would seem that both the improbability of a smooth Big Bang explosion (explosions experienced in our time certainly are not smooth), and presently observed irregularities of the universe, tend to deny a Big Bang as the direct source of MBR. Peebles wrote, (13) One wonders why similar doubt is not expressed about a smooth Big Bang.) The enormous expansion of the early universe at speeds far in excess of that of light, in accordance with inflation theory, is said to solve the Big Bang smoothness problem. Discrete and separate 'bodies' are an illusion of the senses. However, that doesn't provide an adequate explanation for the source of the energy requirement described above. Cosmic cheers, Geoff Haselhurst A critical look at the very old big bang problems (of the singularity, smoothness, horizon, and flatness) and the failed solutions of inflation theory; newer Big Bang problems relating to missing mass (as required for a flat inflationary universe), the age of the universe, radiation from the "decoupling" ("smearing" of black body spectrum), a contrived Big Bang chronology, the abundance of light elements, and red shift anomalies; and problems, newer yet, regarding inconsistencies of red shift interpretation, curved space, inflation theory, the decelerating expansion of a Big Bang universe, and some additional logical inconsistencies of Big Bang theory are presented. It should be noted that this zero net energy explanation couldn't reasonably be postulated for other than a recollapsing universe. Scientists who seriously question the Big Bang are generally considered disruptive, ridiculed and derogatorily referred to as big bang bashers. Education establishments involved in the fields of astronomy, astrophysics, theoretical physics and cosmology are dominated by those who have accepted Big Bang as the theory to be pursued.

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