Socrates Essay Outline

Socrates Essay Outline-76
He wanted to be named a hero and be given free meals for the remainder of his life at the Prytaneum, the city hall and a place of honor. You can use this password for unlimited period and you can share it with your friends! Socrates is revered for his shifting of Greek philosophical thought from the contemplation of the nature of the universe, which occupied the philosophers before him, to the examination of human life and its problems.

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Xenophon has been criticized by scholars such as E. Forbes, have suggested that Xenophon's presentation of Socrates as a moral censor and teacher of practical values, rather than as a philosophic revolutionary, may have been driven by Xenophon's intention of minimizing the "revolutionary aspects of the thought of Socrates." Forbes has also noted that Plato's account of Socrates is "largely ideal" and that Plato was more concerned with presenting abstract truth than with historical or chronological accuracy. Yet Rogers has gone on to caution that Xenophon is an apologist and should not be trusted more than Plato. Dubs has supported the case for Plato and has suggested that Xenophon may have gotten some of his information about Socrates from Plato. Bury has also stressed the value of Plato's version over that of Xenophon, stating that the Socrates who emerges from Plato's Dialogues is "a figure probably resembling the real Socrates." Yet others, such as R.

Zeller for the simple and unphilosophic manner in which Socrates is depicted. Dubs has also argued that while Plato may have "put words in So-crates's mouth" it is precisely because of the fact that Plato was an accomplished artist that we should trust his portrayal of Socrates: Plato, Dubs stressed, would have only made Socrates utter what would have been "thoroughly appropriate" for Socrates to say. Hackforth, have maintained that criticism of Xeno-phon is too harsh, and that while Xenophon may have not been sufficiently interested in philosophy to do justice to the portrayal of Socrates, Plato was too much involved in his subject matter to be objective.

When Socrates was 70 years old, he was accused of "irreligion," or impiety, and of corrupting the youth of Athens. While Socrates did not leave any writings, his followers Xenophon and Plato both wrote extensively about Socrates's beliefs and experiences. In addition to the records of Xenophon and Plato, Aristophanes ridiculed Socrates in one of his comedies, Clouds (423 B.

C.), and Aristotle commented on the philosopher and Plato's representation of him.

His philosophy basically was that everyone is responsible for his or her own moral attitudes. He asked simple questions that had difficult answers to people who were considered wise at the time.

He taught his philosophy of life on the streets to anyone who cared to listen.

Throughout the trial, Socrates acted as though he wanted to lose the case as far as I can understand.

He went out of his way to antagonize the jury, making comments that associated himself with certain people and ideas that were offensive to the jury. The second part of the trial in Athens involved arguments over the penalty, which was also voted on by the jury.

Athens, the city in which Socrates resided, was a free democratic city that was governed by all citizens in a fair democracy as seen in apology.

It was said to be an association of free men with no single leader or I believe that it is the fact that he rarely gave specific definitions that allowed him to be the large influence on his pupils that he was. He thought that one should not be part of a community or city, but he or she should be separate from society.


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