Socrates Beliefs Essay

Socrates Beliefs Essay-25
While recognizing of course, that the Apology is not a verbatim account of Socrates’ speech, other scholars argue that Plato’s account must be fairly accurate.These scholars point out that Plato wrote at a time during which he could expect many of his readers to have firsthand knowledge of the trial, reducing any incentive he might have had to present the case of Socrates too sympathetically.Those views led to him being prosecuted and put to death by poison.

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Society was morphing into a democracy with the help of Pericles.

Pericles created the people’s courts and used the public treasury to promote the arts.

However, once accused, Socrates does not escape from prison and later, execution, for: "Socrates is confident that justice and morality are always in our interest. in The Internet Classics Archive, MIT and Web atomics, accessed 18 February 2008 Frank N.

He insists that a just person will allow nothing to count against doing the just action, no matter what the cost may be. Magill, ed., World philosophy: essay-reviews of 225 major works (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, c1982).

If Socrates were to choose an ordinary good over the just course of action he would be choosing an action that is bad for him, and he refuses to do this; this is why he refuses to propose an alternative to the death penalty." Thus, Socrates chooses to accept his fate and, doing so, secures his place as "the greatest hero in the history of philosophy." Socrates' primary concern in life was arete `excellence', not in the Sophistic sense of practical efficiency in public life, but as moral excellence of soul, that is, virtue. Becker, eds., Encyclopedia of Ethics (New York: Routledge, 2001), 1623. Alex_J commented, on February 27, 2008 at a.m.: Interesting Read and Well Written But as this is an account by Plato of Socrates,how much do we know is true or not about the beliefs of Socrates - Daniel Marrow commented, on February 28, 2008 at p.m.: It is true that we cannot be 100% sure of what Socrates said himself as Plato wrote The Apology.

This belief sets the foundations for ethics and philosophy, that Socrates died, not in vain, but for that which he most valued: the pursuit of virtue. However, as this is an account of a well known event, we can be sure that it is accurate (many other of Socrates' friends were present and Plato is less likely to have written something different when there were other people who witnessed the speech).

and say to me: Socrates, this time we will not mind Anytus [a prosecutor], and will let you off, but upon one condition, that you are not to inquire and speculate in this way any more, and that if you are caught doing this again you shall die; - if this was the condition on which you let me go, I should reply: Men of Athens, I honor and love you; but I shall obey God rather than you, and while I have life and strength I shall never cease from the practice and teaching of philosophy..." Socrates died for a noble cause: the belief that one should never change their beliefs because of their fear of death.

He chose to give up his life as an example for generations after as he declares to the jury, "Wherefore, O men of Athens, I say to you, do as Anytus bids or not as Anytus bids, and either acquit me or not; but whatever you do know that I shall never alter my ways, not even if I have to die many times" This is why Socrates meant to be prosecuted, he was not afraid of death, and believed if he died for a noble cause it was justified.

not to wealth, power and other external advantages." Socrates states that this was his true purpose, for "The unexamined life is not worth living." Later on in the trial Socrates remains steadfast on his views and refuses to give up his philosophical pursuit, even if it costs him his life.

He tells the jury, "Therefore if you let me go now...

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