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This review is mostly for who is new to the world of Ethics-by-the-book, as I am.
The fourth edition appeared in 2003, the year Rachels died.
Since then, his son Stuart has written the fifth edition and the sixth edition, which was released in April 2009. تاریخ نخستین خوانش: ماه سپتامبر سال 2008 میلادیعنوان: فلسفه اخلاق؛ نویسنده: جیمز راشل (ریچلز)؛ مترجم: آرش اخگری؛ تهران، انتشارات حکمت؛ ، در 304 ص؛ شابک: 9789648713558؛ ا.
I used this book as a companion piece for reading classical, modern, and contemporary essays by "the greats" in moral philosophy.
Perhaps, the best way to use this book, and one I would strongly recommend for those who didn't get it, is After looking over some of the reviews here on goodreads about this book, I had to admit I found them somewhat amusing.
شربیانی After looking over some of the reviews here on goodreads about this book, I had to admit I found them somewhat amusing.
After doing some research on the people who rated this book poorly, it would seem that they just don't comprehend the usefulness of this book.
It is very up-to-date, very structured, not boring at all: it tries to explain philosophically the answers to many questions we have asked ourselves: • [How] should we judge cultures that have different moral codes? After starting with very interesting and modern examples to illustrate the questions above, the author goes on to analyse the proposals of the great philosophers to explain Ethics as a solution for humanity (and not only) so that the happiness of the individual is also optimised.
•This review is mostly for who is new to the world of Ethics-by-the-book, as I am. Thus, it goes to the description, pro's and con's of: • Ethical Egoism - do whatever is in your best interest • Utilitarianism - do whatever promotes the best ratio of happiness over unhappiness in the world • Kant's idea that we should find moral rules that can be followed by everybody no matter the circumstances.
All of the moral/ethical systems presented by this book are also exposed to criticism.
For some of the ethical systems, the criticism becomes either to hard to overcome, or needs further clarification to be a workable system.