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For example, Franco Zefferelli produced his film in 1968, and Baz Luhrmann produced his in 1997.Both films provided very different perspectives on Shakespeare's text because of the eras they were set in.Because the films were created twenty-nine years apart and both writers wanted to appeal to different audiences, the films contrasted greatly.
This single reduction did in fact totally alter the conclusion of the story.
In Shakespeare's version, Romeo still could have been accepted into society before killing Paris (as Father Laurence pointed out), since he was exiled for killing Tybalt, Mercutio's murderer.
Zefferelli didn’t change the play much; it was aimed at people who wanted a film that was basically the same as the play, but with better scenery and cuts.
Even though the play was meant for all audiences to enjoy it, generally Zefferelli aimed at adults like the play did.
Luhrmann was trying to produce a marketable, popular version of Romeo and Juliet.
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Baz Luhrmann created his movie in 1997 with Leonardo Di Caprio and Claire Danes taking the lead roles, he used young and popular, successful actors, to ensure the film’s marketability.These were mainly minor changes in outdoor scenes that couldn't be exactly simulated on a stage.Some of the scenes weren't even in the written text, such as Romeo and Balthasar galloping from Mantua, and others, such as the large peasant-filled Verona Square, could have been depicted more authentically.Another significant difference in the directors' interpretations of Romeo and Juliet is what they omitted or edited.The murder of Paris was totally withdrawn from both movies.Franco Zefferelli, however, created his film in 1970, starring Leonardo Whitting and Olivia Hussey, focusing on how well the actors played the part of the character, as he wanted to keep the originality of the play.Clever film techniques were used in Luhrmann’s film, for example at a very emotional moment, when Tybalt dies, the camera tilts down to see the gun in Romeo’s hand, and stays there for an extended time, which is very symbolic as it makes you think about what the gun can do and you see the virgin Mary on the side of it, the whole film pauses for a second so that everyone can contemplate on what just happened.The props were then updated from the 1600s to their modern-day equivalent, guns, and the coastal area was re-named "Verona Beach".Even though Zefferelli chose a more classical setting, he still changed some of the scenery.However, Luhrmann aimed at a younger age group, and he made it a lot more exciting and violent, he also set it in modern times so as to make it more believable for younger audiences, and so that younger audiences would appreciate it more, rather than ‘some old play’ as they might have put it.Luhrmann’s main goal was to make money, and he did that by making it more exciting with up to date music and sound effects for a younger audience, he modernised and adapted the play to suit the younger audiences.