A biology-focused approach will not be effective in this example because she has a changeable problem that is best mitigated by problem solving or problem-focused coping strategies that will help her take action to remove the stressor (Carver, 2011). Effective Coping for Parents of Developmentally Disabled Children Emotion-Focused Coping Mechanisms One appropriate means of addressing ineffective coping in parents of developmentally disabled children is emotion-focused coping because of the negative and isolating thoughts associated with parenting these children. Emotion-focused coping: a primary defense against stress for people living with spinal cord injury.Tags: Dme Business PlanTerm Paper AssistanceWriting An EssayOsu Admissions EssayNedbank Business PlanConducting A Literature ReviewCreative Writing Portfolio IdeasDetention Essay To CopyBenefits Of Critical Thinking Skills
In addition, problem-focused coping may include employing information seeking, or developing strategies to avoid the source of the stress. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 13(4), 357-369.
Effective Problem-Focused Coping For example, an individual plans to host Thanksgiving dinner for 27 people, but finds the thought of preparing such a feast extraordinarily stressful.
Folkman and Moskowitz (2004) found it relieved depression and anger in some circumstances.
In addition, emotion-focused coping can facilitate expressing and processing emotions as a prelude to reappraising unchangeable stressors (Stanton, Kirk, Cameron, & Danoff-Burg, 2000).
Examples of Coping Mechanisms Problem-Focused Coping Problem-focused coping focuses on the changing or modifying the fundamental cause of the stress. Coping through emotional approach: Scale construction and validation.
This can be an effective method of coping when it is practical, and the stressor is changeable or modifiable. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(6), 1150-1169.The psychophysiological change that takes place is the result of a relaxation response in the mind that results in a decrease of the body's stress response (Dusek et al., 2008). Genomic Counter-Stress Changes Induced by the Relaxation Response. Physiological changes include lowered blood pressure and respiration rates as well as beneficial changes in the brain (Dusek et al., 2008; Lazar et al., 2000). In this case, changing one's emotional response to needing to make a payment in a timely manner will not help change the problem. Problem solving may be more appropriate since the stressor, (making late payments) is changeable. The purpose of this paper is to describe and provide examples for effective and ineffective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is effective or ineffective.In addition, its goal is to explain two approaches appropriate to address common ineffective coping mechanisms for parents of developmentally disabled children.Effective Biology-Focused Coping If an individual is suffering from stress because he is worried about his blood pressure and his inability to relax, biology-focused coping that utilizes meditation and guided imagery to reduce stress will be beneficial psychologically and has the potential to lower his blood pressure. Biology-focused coping provokes a relaxation response, which lowers stress, and causes chemical changes in the body (Laureate Education, Inc., 2012; Dusek et al., 2008). The effectiveness of problem-focused coping depends on whether the stressor can be managed by changing it (Laureate Education, Inc., 2012). Progress on a cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. Carver (2011) found problem-focused coping had a biological effect on stress, lowering the cortisol levels and promoting recovery from the stress.