Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK).
Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Risk factors for groin wound infection after femoral artery catheterization: a case-control study.
Available from: In this example, the author is the organisation whose full name is Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Sleep disorder (sedative-hypnotic) drug information; [updated 2009 May 21; cited 2010 Jun 10]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: records, tables, datasets, and the like are considered parts of databases when they do not have individual authorship, i.e., they are written or compiled by the authors of the database (compare 41(b), Contributions to a database). Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [Internet]. However, check with the assignment marker; if s/he says it is acceptable to reference this type of material, this format should be adequate: Smith JB.
History of pharmacy [cited 2012 Feb 28]; [about 4 screens]. Food and Drug Administration; [updated 2009 Jun 4]. OR The head is connected to the spine by the neck (Professor John B Smith, emailed personal communication, 2005 May 18.) c) Lecture notes and other print material provided by lecturers during a lecture, or as course notes In this case, you have the actual printed words produced by the lecturer (the same would apply to notes in electronic format, e.g., on CD), so it seems likely that you should be able to cite these in the text of an assignment and provide a reference in the list of references at the end.
Chicago: American Medical Association; c1995-2007 [cited 2007 Feb 22]. Here, the website as a whole has no date of publication; but the specific datasheet has a publication date of July 10, 2007; you looked at (cited) the datasheet on Sep 3, 2008; and it is about 20 screens long. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. Available from: the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System [Internet]. Available from: SH Browser (2011 Me SH) [Internet]. Available from: by entering in the Titles and Synonyms section. University of Auckland, NZ; notes provided at a lecture given 2005 May 18.
Available from: AMA: helping doctors help patients [Internet]. Wellington: New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority. Available from: This example shows how to refer to a single datasheet on the Medsafe website, the one for Voltaren Rapid 25 tablets. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US), Medical Subject Headings Section; 2001 Apr [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2007 Jan 31]. Ithaca (NY): Cornell University, Department of Animal Science. Pyridine alkaloids; [updated 2001 Oct 4; cited 2007 Feb 16]; [about 2 screens]. Drugdex evaluations: Rivastigmine [cited 2008 Sep 3]; [about 50 screens]. Port Townsend (WA): Best of Both Worlds Foundation. (In this example, the lecturer provided a lecture title on the notes). [Unpublished lecture notes on anatomy of the head and neck].
Arsenic in Drinking Water: An Update on the Science, Benefits and Cost: Hearing Before the Subcomm. The rules for electronic material are not as clear as those for print material; and details of all these different elements may not always be given in the electronic item.
Note: The above examples of US legal material can be used as models for NZ legal material, e.g., a NZ statute can be modelled on (a) above; since it was consulted online, details for Cited: (date) and Available from: (URL) are also given: The basic elements to be included for a reference to electronic material in the Vancouver style are listed below.
In addition, those reading your work who wish to follow up this previous research need complete and accurate references in order to do so. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan.
There are many different styles of identifying and setting out references.