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A sculptured wall panel of Assurbanipal shows the garden in its maturity.One original panel Of Sennacherib's palace, he mentions the massive limestone blocks that reinforce the flood defences.Diodorus ascribes the construction to a Syrian king.
There are five principal writers whose descriptions of Babylon exist in some form today.
These writers concern themselves with the size of the Hanging Gardens, their overall design and means of irrigation, and why they were built.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as listed by Hellenic culture, described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks, and said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq.
Parts of the palace were excavated by Austin Henry Layard in the mid-19th century.
His citadel plan shows contours which would be consistent with Sennacherib's garden, but its position has not been confirmed.
The construction of the Hanging Gardens has also been attributed to the legendary queen Semiramis, who supposedly ruled Babylon in the 9th century BC, Three theories have been suggested to account for this.
One: that they were purely mythical, and the descriptions found in ancient Greek and Roman writings (including those of Strabo, Diodorus Siculus and Quintus Curtius Rufus) represented a romantic ideal of an eastern garden.