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The essays that constitute The Federalist Papers were published in various New York newspapers between October 27, 1787, and August 16, 1788, and appeared in book form in March and May 1788. Their purpose was to clarify and explain the provisions of the Constitution, expounding its benefits over the existing system of government under the Articles of Confederation. First, he argued for the independence of the judiciary from the other two branches of government, the executive and the legislative.
shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour." By making the tenure of federal judges permanent and not temporary, Hamilton argued, the Constitution ensures that judges will not be changed according to the interests or whims of another branch of government. 2000."The Federalist Papers and Legal Interpretation." South Dakota Law Review 45 (summer): 307–33.
According to Hamilton, permanent tenure also recognizes the complexity of the law in a free society. "The Law of Nations in 'The Federalist Papers'." Journal of Legal History 23 (August): 107–28. Constitution of the United States; "Federalist Papers" (Appendix, Primary Document).
The establishment of a republican form of government would not of itself provide protection against such characteristics: the representatives of the people might betray their trust; one segment of the population might oppress another; and both the representatives and the public might give way to passion or caprice.
The possibility of good government, they argued, lay in the crafting of political institutions that would compensate for deficiencies in both reason and virtue in the ordinary conduct of politics.
The Federalist Papers originated in a contentious debate over ratification of the U. A group known as the Federalists favored passage of the Constitution, and the Anti-Federalists opposed it.
After its completion by the Constitutional Convention on September 17, 1787, the Constitution required ratification by nine states before it could become effective.They worried, for example, that national commercial interests suffered from intransigent economic conflicts between states and that federal weakness undermined American diplomatic efforts abroad.Broadly, they argued that the government’s impotence under the Articles of Confederation obstructed America’s emergence as a powerful commercial empire. There were 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison.These essays were written under the pseudonym Publius. Of theses essays, most of them were published in 17.However, computer analysis and historical evidence has led nearly all historians to assign authorship in the following manner: Hamilton wrote numbers 1, 6–9, 11–13, 15–17, 21–36, 59–61, and 65–85; Madison, numbers 10, 14, 18–20, 37–58, and 62–63; and Jay, numbers 2–5 and 64.The authors of the Federalist papers presented a masterly defense of the new federal system and of the major departments in the proposed central government.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!Written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, the essays originally appeared anonymously in New York newspapers in 17 under the pen name "Publius." The Federalist Papers are considered one of the most important sources for interpreting and understanding the original intent of the Constitution.If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.