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The Crusades were sparked by religious fervor in Europe, by exhortations from various Popes, and by the need to rid Europe of excess warriors left over from regional wars.What effect did these attacks, which came from out of the blue from the perspective of Muslims and Jews in the Holy Land, have on the Middle East?They were, moreover, attended by all the disorder, license, and crime with which war is always accompanied.
It must have been horrifying to see armed bands of religious zealots approaching to attack a city or castle.• Outline Sources • Use size 12 point Times New Roman font and have no greater than 1” margins.The Crusades kept all Europe in a tumult for two centuries, and directly and indirectly cost Christendom several millions of lives (from 2,000,000 to 6,000,000 according to different estimates), besides incalculable expenditures in treasure and suffering.The Bush administration decided to launch the Iraq War, despite the fact that Iraq had nothing to do with the 9/11 attacks.Just as the first several crusades had done, this unprovoked attack killed thousands of innocents in the Middle East and perpetuated the cycle of mistrust that had developed between the Muslim and Christian worlds since Pope Urban urged the European knights to "liberate the Holy Land" from the Saracens.I need a page for bibliography, and one to three pages for work cited about past events in the past tense, not the present. Papers should be double-spaced, use 12 point times New Roman font and have no greater than 1\” margins. History of Western Civilization I Topic: What are some of the effects of the crusades on the West?Effects of the Crusades The Crusades kept all Europe in a tumult for two centuries, and directly and indirectly cost Christendom several millions of lives (from 2,000,000 to 6,000,000 according to different estimates), besides incalculable expenditures in treasure and suffering.The Crusaders brought back exotic new spices and fabrics, fueling European demand for products from Asia.They also brought back new ideas—medical knowledge, scientific ideas, and more enlightened attitudes about people of other religious backgrounds.Europe, on the other hand, was a war-torn region of small, feuding principalities, mired in superstition and illiteracy.One of the primary reasons that Pope Urban II initiated the First Crusade (1096–1099), in fact, was to distract the Christian rulers and nobles of Europe from fighting one another by creating a common enemy for them—the Muslims who controlled the Holy Land.