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The Two Treatises begin with a Preface announcing what Locke hopes to achieve, but he also mentions that more than half of his original draft, occupying a space between the First and Second Treatises, has been irretrievably lost.Peter Laslett maintains that, while Locke may have added or altered some portions in 1689, he did not make any revisions to accommodate for the missing section; he argues, for example, that the end of the First Treatise breaks off in mid-sentence.The First Treatise is an extended attack on Sir Robert Filmer's Patriarcha.
Two Treatises of Government (or Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, The False Principles, and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and Overthrown.
The Latter Is an Essay Concerning The True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government) is a work of political philosophy published anonymously in 1689 by John Locke.
He suggests that they are instead better associated with the revolutionary conspiracies that swirled around what would come to be known as the Rye House Plot.
Locke, Shaftesbury and many others were forced into exile; some, such as Sidney, were even executed for treason.
The second edition was even worse, and finally printed on cheap paper and sold to the poor.
The third edition was much improved, but Locke was still not satisfied.
King James II of England (VII of Scotland) was overthrown in 1688 by a union of Parliamentarians and the stadtholder of the Dutch Republic William III of Oranje-Nassau (William of Orange), who as a result ascended the English throne as William III of England. Mary was the daughter of James II, and had a strong claim the English Throne.
This is known as the Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688.
It was in this form that Locke's work was reprinted during the 18th century in France and in this form that Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau were exposed to it.
Two Treatises is divided into the First Treatise and the Second Treatise.