Tags: Templates Of A Business PlanSignposting Phd ThesisAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Trial By Jury EssayCommunity Service EssaysInternet And Web Research EssaysEssay On If I Became A MillionaireGreen Paper Long Term Investment
You can view samples of our professional work here.
There is a lot of discussion of how disability is described.
The literal meaning of disability is “difficulty with ability”.
Oliver, states that, “We see disability as the disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by a contemporary social organisation which takes little or no account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them.” (Oliver 1996, p22) The common view today, according to Campbell and Oliver (1995) is that a person’s impairment is the cause of their disability and that their disability is a medical problem that has to be overcome.
This refers to the ‘medical model’ approach which focuses on prevention and cure.
Therefore it is understandable that disabled people will see themselves, as an oppressed group.
To understand this, there has to be a definition between the person with the impairment and the social construction, called disability.This implies some form of mental or physical impairment that can manifest problems with mobility or awareness.According to the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, disability impairments can include sensory impairments such as hearing or sight, mental impairments such as depression or learning difficulties and physical impairments such as wheelchair users.The poet Lord Byron (mad Lord Byron), who was born with “talipes”, known then as a club foot, and whose name today is still synonymous for someone dashing, “Byronic”.Admiral Nelson, known for his great naval victories against the Napoleonic French and particularly the battle of Trafalgar, he is not viewed as disabled although he was blind in one eye and only had one arm.This is evident in such things as super hero movies, where the bad character is often portrayed as physically deformed or mentally unstable.However, throughout history there have been people with impairments that in today’s society would have been viewed as disabled, Franklin D Roosevelt, four times president of the United States, had polio.(Campbell and Oliver 1995) Cultural values and Society can be responsible for imposing disability on someone with impairments.This is mostly done unintentionally or by misinterpretation but it results in excluding people with some form of impairment from participating in society.People with disabilities may face problems, and not only because of their particular impairments but by social factors such as attitudes, stigma and physical obstructions, for example, ease of access to buildings or transport.The description of disability has varied over the years but the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 describes it as, “he/she has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long term adverse effect on his/her ability to carry out normal day to day activities” Thompson and Thompson (2008) state that historically, people with disabilities were considered “tragic, different or in some way devious”.