Easter Island has been considered a microcosm to illustrate the potential consequences of the worldwide overexploitation of natural resources (Diamond, 2005).
According to the ecocide hypothesis, the original Rapanui society caused their own destruction by resource exhaustion, as manifested in the total removal of forests that had covered the island for millennia before human settlement (Flenley and Bahn, 2003). (A) Sketch map of Easter Island showing the location of the three freshwater bodies cored for paleoecological studies (Aroi, Kao and Raraku).
This paper reviews the existing hypotheses concerning the cultural shift from the Ancient Cult (AC) to the Birdman Cult (BC) that occurred on Easter Island (Rapa Nui) during the last millennium and introduces a holistic new hypothesis called CLAFS (Climate-Landscape-Anthropogenic Feedbacks and Synergies), which considers a variety of potential drivers of cultural change and their interactions.
The CLAFS hypothesis can be tested with future paleoecological studies on new sedimentary sequences such as the new continuous and coherent record encompassing the last millennium from Rano Kao (KAO08-03) using a combination of pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPP), charcoal, and fecal lipid analyses, at decadal to multidecadal resolution.
Regardless the final results, archeological evidence will be required to link climatic and ecological events with cultural developments. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1420712112 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Thorsby, E. Genetic evidence for a contribution of native Americans to the early settlement of Rapa Nui (Easter Island).
Easter Island (Rapa Nui) is a small and remote Pacific island of triangular shape (Figure 1) formed by the coalescence of three submarine volcanoes that emerged from the sea ~780 kyrs ago and whose latest major eruption occurred 200–110 kyrs ago (González-Ferrán et al., 2004; Vezzolli and Acocella, 2009). Stony sentry’s, carved years ago by Polynesian craftsmen, gaze over one of the most remote places in the world.With their land enlarged by overuse, islanders now draw on a revival of their culture to attract visitors.He squints and purses his lips and nods towards each elongated face in some ritual of recognition he usually reserves for communing with aquatic life. I shake a rattle for the baby, increase the vigor of my knee bounce. If Jacques Cousteau had been me one year ago, and Jacques Cousteau had entered the conversation I should not have entered, I imagine it would have gone like this: Boyfriend: I have something to tell you. It doesn’t matter that he’s dead and his son is dead and his wife is dead and the, his vessel, is dead. Jacques Cousteau confers with Philippe, who wears the standard red wool cap high on his forehead.This was done by piercing the ear and gradually enlarging the hole.Today most experts believe that Easter Island was first settled by Polynesians looking for a new homeland. D, the quality of life on the island began to decrease. She cries the whole time she’s away from her mom, which is the whole time she’s here in the drafty, brown apartment I share with my boyfriend.She has lovely, thick eyelashes coated in tears and, I wonder, sometimes, when I look at her face for a long, long time, if I will ever be able to love her in the way I’m supposed to. Jacques Cousteau: And Jacques Cousteau would have hooked his full, dumb, bleating heart to the end of a fishing line, taken it to the furthest reaches of the abyss and caught a shark. This area is located were it is swept by strong trade winds.Because of his, the island remains warm through out the year. To be exact it has an area of 64 square miles about the size of Washington D. Easter Island’s population as grown a lot since diseases spread to most of the island in1877.