If you want to read something that applies to 1963 go back and get a volume Over the course of his career, Du Bois’s social philosophy comprised contributions to social ontology, social theory, the philosophy of the human and social sciences, and the diagnosis of social problems.
His analysis of the nature of a social problem and, specifically, his diagnosis of the Negro problem; his social constructionist accounts of race and racial differences; his ongoing reflection on the methods, purposes, and sometimes moral significance of social inquiry; and his elaboration of the claim that the concept of race, operating as a mechanism of power, structures relations of social domination, all played a critical role in what he ultimately came to call his “evolving program for Negro freedom” (1944, 31).
Du Bois attributes these failures to two causes: white racial prejudice towards Negroes and Negro cultural backwardness.
Racial prejudice is the conviction “that people of Negro blood should not be admitted into the group life of the nation no matter what their condition may be” (1898, 82).
One example is the failure to enact the ideal of a luxurious home life due to prevailing marriage customs.
Another is the failure to enact the ideal of economic and social development due to crime and lawlessness.
(1903a), Du Bois adduces the concept of double-consciousness to characterize the subjectively lived and felt experience of the Negro problem.
Ascribing double consciousness specifically to the Negro, Du Bois characterizes it as a “sense of always looking at oneself through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity” (1903a, 3).
Joins fellow black intellectuals to found the American Negro Academy, an organization devoted to promoting black scholarly achievement.
Appointed professor of history and economics at Atlanta University, where he begins to edit the Edits and writes the introduction to “An Appeal to the World: A Statement on the Denial of Human Rights to Minorities in the Case of Citizens of Negro Descent in the United States of America and an Appeal to the United Nations for Redress.” Publishes Becomes a citizen of Ghana.