The French and British influences are supplemented by the cultures of the country’s native Indian peoples (in Canada often collectively called the First Nations) and the Inuit peoples, the former being far greater in number and the latter enjoying semiautonomous status in Canada’s newest territory, Nunavut.
(The Inuit prefer that term rather than Eskimo, and it is commonly used in Canada.) In addition, the growing number of immigrants from other European countries, Southeast Asia, and Latin America has made Canada even more broadly multicultural.
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The act also divided the old colony of Canada into the separate provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Dominion status allowed Canada a large measure of self-rule, but matters pertaining to international diplomacy and military alliances were reserved to the British crown.The Lieutenant Governor’s Climate Change Essay Challenge, hosted in collaboration with the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), invited grade 12 students from across Ontario to tell their story of how Canada will stop climate change by 2067.After review by an esteemed panel comprised of journalists, teachers and environmental research fellows, three outstanding entries were selected.Despite Canada’s great size, it is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries.This fact, coupled with the grandeur of the landscape, has been central to the sense of Canadian national identity, as expressed by the Dublin-born writer Anna Brownell Jameson, who explored central Ontario in 1837 and remarked exultantly on “the seemingly interminable line of trees before you; the boundless wilderness around you; the mysterious depths amid the multitudinous foliage, where foot of man hath never penetrated…the solitude in which we proceeded mile after mile, no human being, no human dwelling within sight.” Although Canadians are comparatively few in number, however, they have crafted what many observers consider to be a model multicultural society, welcoming immigrant populations from every other continent.In addition, Canada harbours and exports a wealth of natural resources and intellectual capital equaled by few other countries., meaning a village or settlement.In the 16th century, French explorer Jacques Cartier used the name Canada to refer to the area around the settlement that is now Quebec city.On April 21, in anticipation of Earth Day, all three winners will be celebrated at the Lieutenant Governor’s Suite in Toronto where they will be presented with a certificate by the Honourable Elizabeth Dowdeswell, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, and awarded by CIGI with a scholarship prize.In the lead-up to the celebration, read all three winning entries below.Canada became entirely self-governing within the British Empire in 1931, though full legislative independence was not achieved until 1982, when Canada obtained the right to amend its own constitution.Canada shares a 5,525-mile- (8,890-km-) long border with the United States (including Alaska)—the longest border in the world not patrolled by military forces—and the overwhelming majority of its population lives within 185 miles (300 km) of the international boundary.