Over two hundred thousand African American servicemen fought bravely during the Civil War.
In 1866 through an act of congress, legislation was adopted to create six all African American army units.
The Buffalo soldiers were a regiment of African-American men serving in the United States Army. The black Soldiers served their country after the Civil War and during both World Wars, in a period that lasted from 1866 to 1948.
Unlike the people of color serving the arm forces today, these African-American regiments served their country under segregated conditions. In the late 19th century Native Americans began calling the African-American men, Buffalo Soldiers. This characteristic reminded the Indians of the hair on the back of a buffalo’s neck.
December 12, 1951, marks the time of their disbandment.
The contributions and sacrifices that the Buffalo soldiers made to the United States Army should not go unnoted and unrecognized.They also did their share of work in controlling the Mexican Revolutionaries.When they were not fighting the enemy, they were building forts.These men came from New Jersey, Delaware, Ohio and West Virginia.Other men in training came from Michigan and Wisconsin.For 20 years, black soldiers fought against unjust Indians. The Buffalo soldiers did not merely play a small role in the American military, or in building this nation.Their tasks were many, including the building and repairing of towns and villages.They had to endure many unjust situations in the cavalry, such as spoiled food and inadequate supplies.Even though there was discrimination within the military, the black soldiers carried themselves with pride, humility and dignity.Those who were escaped slaves joined as a way to gain their freedom, while the free slaves did so with the hopes of learning skills such as reading and writing.The new black recruiters were assigned to two different Cavalries.