Thus, judgments of aesthetic value can become linked to judgments of economic, political, or moral value.Perhaps we judge a Lamborghini to be beautiful partly because it is desirable as a status symbol.Artists, philosophers, anthropologists, and psychologists all use the notion of art in their respective fields, and give it operational definitions that are not very similar to each others.Tags: Dissertation Sur La Science Et La ReligionApp To Write Essays On IpadAssignment Problems In Operation ResearchPolitical Essays LockeProblem Solving Year 1Prostaglandin Sythesis Induced By Snake VenomBlue Book Essay TestEmerson Essays Second SeriesHow To Writing EssayEssay Writing Prompts High School
Victorians in Britain often saw African sculpture as ugly, but just a few decades later, Edwardian audiences saw the same sculptures as being beautiful.
Evaluations of beauty may well be linked to desirability, perhaps even to sexual desirability.
Perhaps we judge it to be repulsive partly because it signifies for us over-consumption of gasoline and offends our political or moral values.
Aesthetic judgments can clearly often be very fine-grained and internally contradictory.
We can call a person, a house, a saxophone line, a fragrance, and a mathematical proof all "beautiful." Are they all beautiful in the same way?
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What possible feature could a proof and a fragrance both share in virtue of which they both count as beautiful?Perhaps there really is an objective truth about the aesthetic value of this painting and it is just that we can know this truth only in a limited and imperfect way.Likewise, even if beauty is partly in the eye of the beholder, it might not be entirely so.Judgments of beauty are sensory, emotional, and intellectual all at once for Kant.Judgments of aesthetic value seem to often involve many other kinds of issues as well.Then again maybe there is some underlying unity to aesthetic judgment after all, and there is some way to articulate the similarities of a beautiful house, beautiful proof, and beautiful sunset. It is not uncommon to find aesthetics used as a synonym for the philosophy of art, although it is also not uncommon to find thinkers insisting that we distinguish these two closely related fields.Indeed, it is not even clear anymore who has the right to define art.For David Hume delicacy of taste is not merely "the ability to detect all the ingredients in a composition" but also our sensibility "to pains as well as pleasures, which escape the rest of mankind." Thus, the sensory discrimination is linked to capacity to pleasure.For Immanuel Kant "enjoyment" is the result when pleasure arises from sensation, but judging something to be "beautiful" has a third requirement: sensation must give rise to pleasure by engaging our capacities of reflective contemplation.There is some evidence that many distinct cultures find asymmetric facial features and skin diseases to be unattractive; perhaps some elements of our aesthetic judgments of beauty or disgust have objective sociobiological bases.Kant and Danto, for example, have argued that judgments of beauty are subjective but universal, because they stem from traits that all humans share.