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The most important thing to know about “future-thinking” “utopian” and/or “dystopian” novels is that they are never really about the future at all; instead these novels are about the world that surrounded the author.That is why one of the unproven rumors about “1984” — as explored in Dorian Lynskey’s “The Ministry of Truth,” a respectful and intelligent “biography” of a novel — is that the title was merely a transposition of its publication date, 1948.Orwell went on to become a consistently radical critic of his world who always appreciated the conventional pleasures of middle-class and working-class life; his novels and essays are thick with appreciations for everything from drinking tea and smoking cigarettes to the novels of Dickens and Kipling — and the “naughty” seaside postcards of Donald Mc Gill.
That is to say, the political ideologies of a literary work are directly related to the world in which the author was writing or the message that the readers are intended to learn through the piece.
Previous scholarship on Marxism has demonstrated how “literature reflects those social institutions out of which it emerges” and often relates to the “author’s own class or analysis of class relations, however piercing or shallow that analysis may be” (Delahoyde).
Aspects of the novel’s plot, language, and characters will be analyzed from these two perspectives.
It will ultimately be determined that both theories enhance the reading of and the reader can glean different lessons from the novel by applying both theories.
Big Brother is no longer simply a set of shadowy, avuncular, half-smiling eyes on living-room posters and street-side billboards; he now reserves a virtual space at all our family gatherings, and tells us what to do and buy long before we had the inclination to do or buy anything. He got a lot of bad press over the decades — but that was before we found out he was already one of us.
While times have changed, the things that worried George Orwell haven’t changed at all.An excellent literary piece that provides plentiful material for analysis is George Orwell’s .The novel has been considered a classic work of literature because “1984 has come and gone, but George Orwell’s prophetic, nightmarish vision in 1949 of the world we were becoming is timelier than ever” (Fromm).Even more confusing, “1984’s” message has often been appropriated by the very types of organizations that Orwell despised, thus becoming, as Lynskey writes, “a book that almost any political faction could claim.” It has been held up as a warning about the perils of imperialism, capitalism, socialism and fascism; it has been lauded by both the John Birch Society — who used the numbers 1-9-8-4 as the last four digits of its phone number — and the Black Panthers, who taught Orwell in their Oakland Community School.And it has gone on to live a life far beyond its title in Terry Gilliam’s comic nightmare 1985 film “Brazil” — “I hadn’t read 1984,” Gilliam said, “but we all know what it is” — and as a successful product-branding Ridley Scott television commercial for Apple in 1983, wherein a woman in a tank-top saves the world from conformity with a hammer.(Check out his great personal essays about that period, “A Hanging” or “Shooting an Elephant” — for Orwell, the horror of totalitarianism was not that someone would impose it on you, but rather that you might be all-too-prepared to submit.) Eventually, he went to London, where he wrote productively for the left-wing press — while never missing an opportunity to criticize its failures – and after a brief adventure fighting Franco in the Spanish Civil War, secured a full-time job working for the BBC, a monolithically imposing cultural force that Orwell later satirized as “The Ministry of Truth.”In many ways, Orwell’s genius was best exemplified by his essays and journalism — and the success of his most famous novels (it may be impossible to avoid either “1984” or “Animal Farm” in most high school curricula) has often obscured the impact of the things he said.For example, he wasn’t — as students are often mis-taught — concerned simply with the oppressive forces of Stalin or “socialism,” but rather with almost every “ism” that manipulated truth through the misuse of language and political propaganda.In order to be truly applying Marxism, a reader or critic must ask himself a few questions such as determining the currency or most valuable aspect of the story’s society, as well as explicating the social structure of the world of the novel and thus illuminating the political agenda that the author is trying to put forth.econstruction is a branch of the Postmodern movement and is typically defined by the phrase “the center cannot hold” (Purdue OWL).Contrary to the political and economic agenda of Marxist criticism, Deconstruction works on a more philosophical level.While Marxism applies to the overall political concept, Deconstruction lends to the reader’s understanding of what it is like to live in the world of the story.Thus, one comes to understand that both theories contribute to the novel but a careful analysis will demonstrate that Deconstruction provides more insight into how the novel relates directly to the lives of readers.arxism associates itself with class differences, economic and otherwise, and ultimately “attempts to reveal the ways in which our socioeconomic system is the ultimate source of our experience” (Purdue OWL).